HTML Reference Cheat Sheet

Basic HTML Tags

<html> </html>
Creates an HTML document
<head> </head>
Sets off the title and other information that isn’t displayed on the Web page itself
<body> </body>
Sets off the visible portion of the document

Header Tags

<title> </title>
Puts the name of the document in the title bar

Body Attributes

<body bgcolor=?>
Sets the background color, using name or hex # value
<body text=?>
Sets the text color, using name or hex # value
<body link=?>
Sets the color of links, using name or hex # value
<body vlink=?>
Sets the color of followed links, using name or hex # value
<body alink=?>
Sets the color of links on click, using name or hex # value

Text Tags

<pre> </pre>
Creates preformatted text
<h1> </h1>
Creates the largest headline
<h6> </h6>
Creates the smallest headline
<b> </b>
Creates bold text
<i> </i>
Creates italic text
<tt> </tt>
Creates teletype, or typewriter style text as seen here
<cite> </cite>
Creates a citation, usually italic
<em> </em>
Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)
<strong> </strong>
Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)
<font size=?> </font>
Sets size of font, from 1 to 7)
<font color=?> </font>
Sets font color, using name or hex value


<a href="URL"> </a>
Creates a hyperlink
<a href=""> </a>
Creates a mailto link
<a name="Your Locate Name"> </a>
Creates a "location" target within a document
<a href="Your Name"> </a>
Links to a specific target location in a document


<p> </p>
Creates a new paragraph
<p align=?>
Aligns a paragraph to the left, center or right
Inserts a single line break
indents text from both sides
<dl> </dl>
Creates a Definition List
Precedes each Definition Term
Precedes each Definition Definition
<ol> </ol>
Creates a numbered list
<li> </li>
Precedes each list item, and adds a number
<ul> </ul>
Creates a bulleted list
<div align=?>
A generic tag used to format large blocks of HTML, also used for CSS

Graphical Elements

<img src="name">
Adds an image
<img src="name" align=?>
Aligns an image: left, right, center; bottom, top, middle
<img src="name" border=?>
Sets size of border around an image
<img src="name" align=? border=? width=? height=?>
Sets size of border, width and height of an image
Inserts a horizontal rule
<hr size=?>
Sets size (height) of rule
<hr width=?>
Sets width of rule, in percentage or absolute value
<hr noshade>
Creates a rule without a shadow
<hr color=?>
Creates a rule with color choice


<table> </table>
Creates a table
<tr> </tr>
Sets off each row in a table
<td> </td>
Sets off each cell in a row
<th> </th>
Sets off the table header (a normal cell with bold centered text)

Table Attributes

<table border=?>
Sets width of border around table cells
<table cellspacing=?>
Sets amount of space between table cells
<table cellpadding=?>
Sets amount of space between a cell’s border and its contents
<table width=? or %>
Sets width of table – in pixels or as a percentage of document width
<tr align=?> or <td align=?>
Sets alignment for cell(s) (left, center or right)
<tr valign=?> or <td valign=?>
Sets vertical alignment for cell(s) (top, middle, or bottom)
<td colspan=?>
Sets number of columns a cell should span
<td rowspan=?>
Sets number of rows a cell should span (default=1)
<td nowrap>
Prevents the lines within a cell from being broken to fit


<frameset> </frameset>
tag in a frames document; can also be nested in other framesets
<frameset rows="width=? or %">
Defines the rows within a frameset, using number in pixels, or percentage of width
<frameset cols="width=? or %">
Defines the columns within a frameset, using number in pixels, or percentage of width
Defines a single frame – or region – within a frameset
<noframes> </noframes>
Defines what will appear on browsers that don’t support frames

Frames Attributes

<frame src="URL">
Specifies which HTML document should be displayed
<frame name="name">
Names the frame, or region, so it may be targeted by other frames
<frame marginwidth=?>
Defines the left and right margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1
<frame marginheight=?>
Defines the top and bottom margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1
<frame scrolling=?>
Sets whether the frame has a scrollbar; value may equal "yes," "no," or "auto. " The default, as in ordinary documents, is auto.
<frame noresize>
Prevents the user from resizing a frame


A Functional form requires that you have access to a CGI bin directory. The HTML just creates the appearance of a working form until given a path to execute purpose intended.

<form> </form>
Creates the starting base for all forms
<form name="Your Form Name"> </form>
Creates name for form, also used with JavaScript & CGI functions
<select multiple name="Your Select Name" size=?> </select>
Creates a scrolling menu. Size sets the number of visible items before scrolling.
<option> </option>
Sets off each menu item
<select name="Your Menu Name"> </select>
Creates a pulldown menu
<textarea name="Your Text Name" cols=50 rows=5> </textarea>
Creates a text box area. Columns set the width; rows set the height.
<input type="checkbox" name="Your Selection Name">
Creates a checkbox. Text question follows tag for selecting.
<input type="radio" name="Your Selection Name" value="?">
Creates a radio button. Text question follows tag for selecting.
<input type=text name="Your input Name" size=30>
Creates a one-line text area. Size sets length, in characters.
<input type="submit" value="Submit">
Creates a Submit button to send form
<input type="image" border=0 name="Your Form Name" src="your.gif">
Creates a Submit button using an image
<input type="Reset form">
Creates a Reset button to clear form

Additional Form References

<form action="/cgi-bin/formmail.cgi">
Form shows directing towards formmail.cgi in CGI directory
<input type=hidden name="recipient" value="">
Shows a hidden contact point to forward form to.
<input type=hidden name="subject" value="Your Subject">
This creates a subject line as an email would show.
<input type=hidden name="return_link_url" value=">
This provides a link on a form results page leading viewer to URL
<input type=hidden name="return_link_title" value="Your Title">
This creates the visible text wording for the return link.
<input type=hidden name="required" value="name,email">
This allows you designate certain form fields are filled before sending.
<input type=hidden name="text_color" value="?">
On the return page this provides text color preference.
<input type=hidden name="link_color" value="?">
On the return page this provides link color preference.
<input type=hidden name="vlink_color" value="?">
On the return page this provides visited link color preference.
<input type=hidden name="alink_color" value="?">
On the return page this provides active link color preference.

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